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This is why, although they might personally loathe some of their fellow-members or find their lifestyles, views and values unacceptable, their mutual commitment and concern as members of a shared community remain unaffected.
First, human beings are culturally embedded in the sense that they grow up and live within a culturally structured world and organize their lives and social relations in terms of a culturally derived system of meaning and significance.
In it, Bhikhu Parekh shows that the Western tradition of political philosophy has very limited theoretical resources to cope with cultural The political community therefore cannot expect its members to develop a sense of belonging to it unless it in turn belongs to them.
Indeed, it is precisely because it cherishes cultural plurality that it accommodates those that do not share its dominant cultural ethos.
Other disagreement stems from Parekh’s inability to address concepts of democracy, liberalism, citizenship and nation being from anywhere other than western politics. Each carries bits of the other within itself and is never wholly sui generis. Guided by such loyalty, they might criticise their form of government, institutions, policies, values, ethos and dominant self understanding in the strongest possible terms if they think that these harm its survival and well-being.
Individuals who carry their own culture disturb relationships of power that in return culture has previously been established In. All it means is that no culture is wholly worthless, that it deserves at least some respect because of what it means to its members and the creative energy it displays, that no culture is perfect and has a right to impose itself on others, and that cultures are best changed from within.
Patriotism is not the monopoly of the conservatives, and the socialists, the radicals and the communists can be loyal to their community just as much as and even more than they are.
rethinkinv W e instinctively suspect attempts to homogenize a culture and impose a single identity on it, for we are acutely aware that every culture is internally plural and differentiated.
M ulticultural societies in their current form are new to our age and throw up theoretical and political problems that have no parallel in history. Their criticisms need not arouse unease or provoke charges of disloyalty so long as their basic commitment to the community is not in doubt.
He seems to take the rather naive liberal view that the dominant group can be rationally persuaded to change its view of them by intellectual arguments and moral appeals. Views Read Edit View history. Even such affluent, stable and politically mature democracies as the U. Since it grasps only some aspects of the immensely complex human existence and misses out too much of what gives value to life, liberalism, socialism dethinking for that matter any other political doctrine cannot provide the sole basis of the good society.
Bhikhu Parekh, What is multiculturalism
This involves granting them equal rights of citizenship, a decent standard of living, and the opportunity to develop themselves and participate in and make their respective contributions to its collective life.
The early s marked the emergence of the multicultural movement at first in Canada and Australia and then in the U. A culture cannot appreciate the value of others unless it appreciates the plurality within it; the converse is just as true.
The latter need to find ways of reconciling the legitimate demands of unity and diversity, of achieving political unity without cultural uniformity, and cultivating among its citizens both a common sense of belonging and a willingness to respect and cherish deep cultural differences.
The Constitution presupposed a much higher rate of economic growth and a much greater degree of equitable distribution of resources among the diverse communities than has proved to be the case.
This page was last edited on 18 Novemberat Since the multicultural movement sprang up unplanned in many different political contexts, attracted a diverse cluster of groups, and has so far failed to throw up a coherent philosophical statement of its central principles, it lacks a clear focus and identity.
Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory
A citizen cannot be committed to her political community unless it is also committed to her, and she cannot belong to it unless it accepts her as one of it. Second, different cultures represent different systems of meaning and visions of the good life.
The erstwhile Multiuclturalism Union and Yugoslavia lacked the requisite imagination and wisdom and met their doom. A nd it also ignores or marginalizes such other great values as human solidarity, community, a sense of rootedness, selflessness, deep and self-effacing humility and contentment. This important and much acclaimed book rapidly became a classic on first publication.
In it, Bhikhu Parekh shows that the Western tradition of political philosophy has very limited theoretical resources to cope with cultural diversity.
It took full account of religious and a rather limited account of cultural diversity, but none of ethnic self assertion. Now that these and other possibilities have materialized, we need to undertake a radical reconsideration of some of the constitutive principles of the Multiculturralism state, and find a historically multicjlturalism sensitive and realistic way of evolving political unity out of the newly emergent forms of diversity.
Pages to import images to Wikidata. This is to misunderstand the dynamics of the process of recognition. Cultures grow out of conscious and unconscious interactions with each other, define their identity in terms of what they take to be their significant other, and are at least partially multicultural in their origins and constitution. One might enjoy all the rights of citizenship but feel that one does not quite belong to the community and is a relative outsider, as do some groups of African-Americans in the United States, Afro-Caribbeans and Asians in Britain, Arabs in France and Israel, and Muslims and, until recently, Sikhs in India.
A Commitment to Cultural Pluralism”. Parekh writes about the dangers of avoiding ignoring diversity as well as if diversity is over addressed. T hird, every culture is internally plural and reflects a continuing conversation between its different traditions and strands of thought.
They do and should matter to each other because they rethikning bonded together by the ties hbikhu common interest and attachment. He was elected British Asian of the Year in and received the BBC’s award for special lifetime achievement in