Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism. Open source article – check for full text link won’t work. [ALL to review]. Add to My. 17 John J. Mearsheimer, “Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq War: Realism versus Neo-Conservatism,” , posted 19 May. Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq War: Realism Versus Neo-conservatism. Front Cover. John J. Mearsheimer. OpenDemocracy,

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For example, it is often argued that Iraq under Saddam Hussein was especially evil because it used chemical weapons against both Iran and the Kurds in the s.

Nevertheless, when it comes to foreign policy, democracies are not always the white hats that President Bush and his neo-conservative supporters make them out to be. What are reading reailsm Neither the neo-conservatives nor President Bush ever explained in detail how democracy was going to take root in the middle east, where there was hardly any history of democracy.

End of history logic, in other words, did not apply to this area because virtually no state looked like America.

According to the domino theory, if Vietnam were to fall to communism, other countries in southeast Asia would quickly follow, and then countries in other regions would begin to fall under the rule nso-conservatism the Soviet Union. In particular, they believed neo-fonservatism the United States could rely on stealth technology, air-delivered precision-guided weapons, and small but highly mobile ground forces to win quick and decisive victories. Here’s an example of what they look like: In sum, the RMA was supposed to make bandwagoning work, which, in turn, would make big-stick diplomacy work, which, in turn, would make a unilateralist foreign policy feasible.

In other words, it can act unilaterally, as the Bush administration often did during its first term. Morgenthau rejected this view, and argued that the North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong the guerrilla forces in South Vietnam were motivated mainly by nationalism, not communism, and that they would invariably view American troops in their midst as colonial occupiers whom they would fight hard to expel.

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In fact, it is relatively easy for a powerful country like America to conquer states in the developing world. Democracies as well as non-democracies like having nuclear deterrents, and both kinds of states support terrorism when it suits their interests.

Simply put, we live in a balancing world. There are other cases which demonstrate that nationalism quickly turns liberators into occupiers, who then face a major insurrection. Democracies only act in a bellicose fashion when the black hats, invariably non-democratic states, leave them no choice.

To call the Bush administration conservative, at least in its foreign policy, is mistaken.

Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism | openDemocracy

Further Reading on Contemporary Realism Next: The numbers of combatants and civilians killed sharply rose. He was profoundly aware of the moral significance of political action: His ideas led him to sharp warning against and when the warnings were ineffective vehement opposition to, US military involvement in Vietnam see this essay. View the discussion thread. In short, realists thought from the start that it was foolish in the age of nationalism to think that the United States could invade and occupy Iraq and other countries in the middle east for the purpose of altering their political systems in ways that would make them friendly to America.

The human, environmental, economic and social damage was incalculable, and much endures to this day. I am glad that Germany is a flourishing democracy today and I hope that Iraq follows suit sooner rather than later.

When you are staring down the barrel of that rifle, it is the United States that looks like the black hat.

It is simply not part of their discourse. It makes it easy to scan through your lists and keep track of progress.

New firearms regulations and police use of lethal force in Argentina. In the heady days after Baghdad fell on 9 Aprilthe Bush administration and its neo-conservative supporters made it clear that they intended to use the threat or application of military force to topple the regimes in Iran and Syria and eventually to transform the entire region into a sea of democracies.

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How do I set a reading intention To set a reading intention, click through to any list item, and look for the panel on the left hand side: What are reading intentions? Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: Actually, morgenthai war itself has been a strong test of the two theories.

Morgenthau, not surprisingly, thought that the domino theory was hooey. I think that Hans Morgenthau, who some four decades ago made the realist case against escalation in Vietnam using arguments similar to those realists employed in the run-up to the Iraq war, would have opposed that war as well if he had been alive. The United States not only has dirty hands from Iraq, but it has also engaged in barbaric behaviour of its own. In essence, the rest of the world will fear the United States, which will cause any state that is even thinking about challenging Washington to throw up its hands and jump on the American bandwagon.

There is no question that the revolution in military affairs helps the United States conquer countries in the middle east quickly and easily, although it is not clear that the RMA is essential for that purpose.

Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism | openDemocracy

However, at the time, the United States was providing Iraq with overhead satellite imagery so that it could use its chemical weapons more effectively against the Iranian army. Many supporters of that war are now having realisj thoughts, since it is becoming increasingly clear that American troops are stuck in an open-ended conflict from which there seems to be no exit. Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: