If we explore the Swedish culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of Swedish culture relative to other world. If we explore French culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of France’s culture relative to other world. Please select a country in the dropdown menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. After a first country has been selected, a second and even a third.

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The fundamental issue here is how a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: Communication is direct and participative.

Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory

This ambiguity brings with it anxiety and different cultures have learnt to deal with this anxiety in different ways. This is a reflection of the high score on Ibmm Distance with its stronger respect for the elderly. Power Distance This cultuud deals with the fact that all individuals in societies are not equal — it expresses the attitude of the culture towards these inequalities amongst us. Since his retirement inHofstede has visited numerous universities worldwide to educate students on his theoretical approaches and to continue his research in this field.

When describing culture, gender ckltuur are largely not taken into consideration. Retrieved 30 March As a country becomes richer, its culture becomes more individualistic. In Middle Eastern countries much negotiation takes place leading into the ‘agreement’, signified by shaking hands. All the same, what is true is that the family has still more emotional glue than in other Individualist cultures. Hoftsede dimension is defined as the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulsesbased on the way they were raised.


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People in societies classified by a high score in Indulgence generally exhibit a willingness to realise their impulses and desires with regard to enjoying life and having fun.

Societies prioritize these two existential goals differently.

They, therefore, expect respect for what they do, after which they are very much willing to serve you well. Sweden scores 29 on this dimension and thus has a very low preference for avoiding uncertainty.

In business it is commonly agreed that communication is one of the primary concerns. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Cross-cultural strategies for successful business with the Chinese Negotiate Like a Local: Power Distance Index PDI This dimension expresses the degree to which the less powerful members of a society accept and expect that power is distributed unequally.

Hofstede’s books have appeared in 23 languages.

It has been refined hfostede. Archived from the original on 31 May Society at large is more consensus-oriented. In addition, they place a higher degree of importance on leisure time, act as they please and hofstere money as they wish. They are a product of our imagination, used for understanding. This means there is a high preference for a loosely-knit social framework in which individuals are expected to take care of themselves and their immediate families only.

Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: At the same time, commonners try to relate to power holders so that they can also claim the exception to the rule. In fact, as we are generally not aware of other countries’ cultures, we tend to minimize cultural differences.

Retrieved 11 April Conflicts are resolved by compromise and negotiation and Swedes are known for their long discussions until consensus has been reached.


Archived from the original on 11 October Indulgence One challenge that confronts humanity, now and in the past, is the degree to which small children are socialised. Hlfstede men and obm can often perform the same duties from a technical standpoint, there are often symbols to which each gender has a different response.

Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory – Wikipedia

In fact, cross-cultural communication requires being aware of cultural differences because what may be considered perfectly acceptable and natural in one country, can be confusing or even offensive in another. Managing international organizations involves understanding both national and organizational cultures. There is also a need for emotional safety valves as a high hofstedde on Uncertainty Avoidance and the combination of high Power Distance and high Individualism strengthen each other, so to speak.

As a consequence, the French are good in developing complex technologies and systems in a stable environment, such as in the case of nuclear power plants, rapid trains and the aviation industry. According to Gilligan, this dimension is eurocentric and sexist. This was the first hard piece of evidence that the differences among countries was not specific to IBM, but, instead, were due to a generalized set of shared socialization skills that were specific to people having grown up in the same country, and not necessarily, the same organization.

Even though Hofstede’s model is generally accepted as the most comprehensive framework of national cultures values by those studying business culture, hofsyede validity and its limitations have been extensively criticized.