Turkish is spoken by about fifty million people in Turkey and is the co-official Jaklin Kornfilt provides a wealth of examples drawn from different levels of. Fields, Syntax and morphology of Turkish and the Turkic languages. Institutions, Syracuse University. Influenced, Noam Chomsky. Jaklin Kornfilt is a theoretical linguist, working at Syracuse University. Contents. 1 Education; 2. : Turkish (Descriptive Grammars) (): Jaklin Kornfilt: Books.
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Harrassowitz, ; in Anthropological Linguistics 49, 2, On pagethe claim is made that the reflexive can never occur in subject position, but on page we learn that the reflexive can occur as an honorific subject and on page three references are given to works that discuss reflexive subjects in subordinate clauses. In addition, there are substantial Turkic-speaking communities in northwestern China especially Uighur, and also Kazakh.
The question of the ancestor language of this group is not settled, either. The World’s Major Languages. The morphology chapter contains information not just on inflection and derivation, but also on the uses of the various morphological forms.
One exception, though, is the transcription of palatalized consonants by means of a comma rather than a raised j. The largest linguistic minority in the Turkish Republic is formed by Kurdish speakers, mainly in southeastern Turkey; small minority language communities are formed by speakers of Arabic, of some Caucasian languages, and, especially in the European part of the country, by speakers of Gagauz, a closely related Turkic language primarily spoken in Moldova.
He has been working on Turkish and the other Turkic languages for many years, and published the first grammar in English of the Turkic language Karachay. Some of these are listed below: Chapter 4, Ideophones and Interjections, is only 3 pages long and provides only the briefest commentary on these phenomena.
Kornfilt’s major study areas include syntactic theory, theoretically informed linguistic typologyand the syntax—morphology interface, with special emphasis on the syntax and morphology of Turkish and of the Turkic languages. More than one inhabitant in ten of the formerly Soviet areas is a native speaker of a Turkic language.
LINGUIST List 9.645
This is not really a criticism, since the Descriptive Grammar series has a well defined audience that excludes non-linguists. Sat, 02 May Heidelberg University Harvard University. Kornfitl think it handles syntax and morphology marvelously well, phonology and the lexicon adequately, and ideophones and interjections in a cursory fashion.
It is more comprehensive, more up to date, and more effectively organized than any other description of the language.
A strict terminological distinction should be drawn between Turkic, the name of a language family, and Turkish, the name of a language. In Lewisthis information can be inferred from the discussion of cases on pagesbut it is not so easy to find and not so categorically stated.
The chapters on phonology and the lexicon are both very well done and very useful more on this belowbut they do not address all of the issues that kodnfilt be of interest to a phonologist or a lexical semanticist. Cop example expressed fazla FNom 3. Forthcoming g with C. They are accompanied by a detailed grammatical analysis and English translation. There are two main reasons why the book will not be accessible to non-linguistic audiences.
tukrish Finite subordination is rare in Turkish. On pagethe final devoicing rule is described as applying to syllable-final plosives and affricates, yet on page there are examples of final devoicing of liquids as well, described as being standard but not universal.
Her articles have included topics on binding, relativization, rurkish order, nominalization, and first language acquisition. Whilst Turkish has a number of properties that are similar to those of other Turkic languages, it has distinct and interesting characteristics which are given full coverage in this book.
Turkish Jaklin KornfiltTurkish. A far more frequent pattern of subordination involves the use of a participial or nominalized verbal stem. Professor Kornfilt specializes in syntactic theory, theoretically informed linguistic typology, and the syntax—morphology interface, with special emphasis on the syntax and morphology of Turkish and of the Turkic languages. In concept and terminology, the description straddles the line between generative and traditional or non-generative approaches.
The chapters on syntax and morphology provide the best, most detailed descriptions of these parts of the language available. Common terms and phrases adjectives adpositional adpositional phrase adverbial clauses agreement suffixes Ahmet anaphoric Ankara Antecedent aorist Ayse book Ace cinema-Dat clitic CmpM complement compounds conjunct consonant constituent constructions coordination copular sentences dative deleted derived direct object discussed element Ep. Retrieved from ” https: Modern standard Turkish represents a standardisation of the Istanbul dialect of Anatolian.
Other inconsistencies are found in the bibliography, where some Turkish titles are translated into English and others are not. The dialect of the earliest Anatolian texts has various features in common with the.
Although Turkish is by far the largest language in terms of number of speakers in the Turkic family, it accounts for tirkish some 30 per cent of the total number of speakers of Turkic languages.
In the very first paragraph on page 1, for example, she uses the terms ‘nominalized clause’ and ‘constituent clause,’ neither of which is likely to be familiar to non-linguists.
Search all titles Search all collections. Thus we find on page the statement that postpostitions govern only one case with the lone exception of ‘kadar’. This is unfortunate; since the book is so useful, linguists turkisb in Turkish will want to have it close at hand.
Cross-referencing is extensive, making it easy for the reader to find all of the relevant information on a topic even if it is not found in the same section of the book. A cross-reference would have been useful here. New Research Perspectives ; R. Psychology Press- Foreign Language Study – pages. Although there is no general agreement in Turkological literature on the most adequate geographic grouping of the Turkic languages, we shall go along with those sources that classify the contemporary language spoken in the Turkish Republic within a SouthWest or Ocuz group, together with Gagauz, Azerbaijani and Turkmenian, the latter forming the eastern component of the group.
It is, simply put, an admirable reference work on Turkish for linguists. Jaklin Kornfilt provides a wealth of examples drawn from different levels of vocabulary: The book contains five chapters of widely varying lengths. According to the editorial preface, the series gives preference to languages for which comprehensive descriptions are not presently available iv.
It seems established, however, that the language of the oldest documents i.
We expect these discussions to be informal and interactive; and koenfilt author of the book discussed is cordially invited to join in. Kornfilt graduated from Heidelberg University with a bachelor’s degree in applied linguistics and translation studies in It will supplement but will not replace Lewis and Underhill